EXCLUSIVE PROPERTIES OF WOOL
Wool, this peculiarly warming, soft and natural animal fibre encompasses so many positive features as no other material. On one hand, it absorbs water vapor inside and on the other hand, its surface repels water. This extraordinary pleasant fibre absorbs up to one third of its dry weight in water and no wetness sensation remains afterwards; it is also worth mentioning that moisture evaporates from wool much faster than for example, from cotton.
WARMING IN WINTER, COOLING DOWN IN SUMMER
One more wonderful feature of wool is that it functions as a thermal insulator. It is frequently said, that wool perfectly heats and simultaneously reflects the body warmth. In the same manner it also protects body against high outer temperatures.
1. Fire Resistant
Most of us have never had much reason to throw wool into a fire, but if you did you’d notice that it doesn’t burn well. The reason for this is that each and every wool fiber retains a certain amount of air moisture, even wool that’s several years old.
2. Moisture Wicking
It isn’t so much that wool retains moisture as it is that wool retains an ideal balance of moisture (regardless of how much or little water is exposed). In fact, wool can soak up to as much as 30% of its weight in moisture without feeling wet. Scientifically, this can be explained as a result of the “‘crimp” design nature of wool that causes each fiber to butt up against the next, as opposed to simply laying flat in parallel with itself like other fibers. When each fiber of wool butts up against the next, air pockets form, creating a natural insulator.
3. Mildew & Mold Resistant
Another benefit of moisture wicking is that it creates a naturally anti-microbial environment. This prevents mold, mildew, and other undesirable “stinks” from ever infiltrating and destroying an otherwise luxurious fabric.
4. Wool has natural UV protection
Sheep wool has a natural UV protection factor of up to 30+! Wool naturally absorbs the suns UV rays before it can make contact with your skin; by wearing wool you will be protected against the sun harmful rays.
4.Wool is stain resistant:
The waxy outer coating of wool helps to repel liquids, meaning if you spill anything on your knitwear it is most likely to roll off, and what is left is easily wiped off.
5.Wool is easy to care for:
It’s a well known fact that woolen items do not need regular washing. Bacteria causing odour is naturally inhibited by fatty acids that coat wool fibre. Static, which attracts lint, dirt and dust, is also inhibited by this waxy coating. The scaly surface area of fibre acts to block dirt and stains from being absorbed. Instead, particles sit on top which means they are much easier to remove.
6.Keeps you warm in winter and cool in summer:
Wool is renowned for its ability to regulate body temperature. In the winter, wool’s insulating qualities trap dry air and warmth near the skin. Wool’s natural insulating quality and its ability to shed water results in a fabric that keeps the body warm, even when it’s raining. In the summer, wool’s coil-like shape pulls excess heat and moisture from your skin, helping the wearer to stay cooler.
7.Insulates even when wet:
The inner core of wool fibers can absorb just under half of its own weight in moisture. Not until wool is saturated with 60% of its own weight will it feel wet to the touch. Since it retains 80% of its insulating value even when saturated, wool will keep you warm even when wet. This fact reminds me of the Gansey fisherman sweaters, which I’m sure have saved many lives.