What Is the Most Expensive Type of Wool?

Wearing a wool sweater or scarf can be really appealing. It’s natural, soft, and warming. The price of wool can vary greatly depending on the process used to create it. While wool is well worth the investment, it’s critical to understand why it’s so costly. Wool is widely sought after, and many people are aware that it is a high-end material.

Wool is actually quite costly for a variety of reasons.

Wool is a term that refers to natural fibers derived from a variety of animals, not simply sheep. Merino, Alpaca, Mohair, Angora, Cashmere, and Camel Hair are some of the most common ones you’ll notice on clothing tags. Other, less common wools are more difficult to come by and can be rather costly.

What is the most expensive wool?

Vicuña wool is the finest and rarest wool in the world. It comes from the vicuña, a small llama-like animal native to the Andes Mountains in Peru.

What Is Vicuña Wool?

Vicuña wool comes from vicuñas, which are South American camelids that live in the high alpine areas of the Andes mountains in Peru. Vicuñas grow a very fine wool cherished for its softness, lightness, and natural color. The vicuña’s wool is exceptionally warm, which helps to regulate the animal’s body heat in freezing Andean temperatures. Vicuña wool is harvested by shearing the animal’s coat, and spinning it into fibers used to make garments like socks, sweaters, scarves, insulation for coats and suits, blankets, throws, and other homewares.

5 Characteristics of Vicuña Wool
Here are a few things that make vicuña wool exceptional:

1. Long production time:   Vicuña coats grow very slowly, and sometimes they take as long as three years to grow back after being sheared. A single vicuña produces about 0.5 kilograms (1.1 pounds) of wool per year, which makes vicuña wool very rare and valuable.
2. Extremely fine:  Vicuña wool is one of the finest natural growing fibers in the world. One vicuña fiber measures about 12 microns, or 12 thousandths of a millimeter. This makes vicuña wool incredibly soft.
3. Warmth:  Vicuñas live in the Andes, a very high mountain range where temperatures regularly drop below freezing. In order to insulate the vicuña and help regulate its body temperature, the wool fibers have tiny scales, allowing the fibers to interlock to trap air and heat. This makes vicuña wool exceptionally warm.
4. Natural color:  Vicuña wool is typically cinnamon-colored or pale white, making it very easy to integrate in one’s wardrobe.
5. Comfort:  Vicuña wool is 10 percent lighter than cashmere and is also hypoallergenic.