What Role Does Wool Play In A Sustainable Fashion Industry?
Why is wool the future of sustainable fashion?
Because wool is 100% natural, renewable and biodegradable fibre and refers to the fibres produced by sheep. However do keep in mind that not all wool is exactly the same. There are more than 1000 different breeds of sheep all over the world which produce a variety of different types of wool. Australian Merino wool is more complex than any synthetic or natual fibres.
Wool is the future of sustainable fashion because it is 100% natural and renewable, 100% biodegradable, it is breathable and non-allergenic, it is super soft (softer and finer than human hair), wool uses 18% less energy than polyester and nearly 70% less water than other natural fibre to produce 100 sweaters, it is also the most reused and recycled fibre. While manmade fibres are petroleum based, non-biodegradable, microplastic pollutants, require more wasking, non-renewable to name some of it’s key cons.
How does wool fit into a sustainable circular model?
With fibre production wool is as mentioned before renewable, in product manufacture it is slow fashion and not fast fashion, in distribution and retail it is again slow fashion, in product use phase it has a long product life and in product disposal it is biodegradable.Wool forms a part of the natural carbon cycle. By storing the carbon from the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide (CO2)
wool prevents the gas from contributing to climate change for the time the garment is in use. All this CO2 is removed from the atmosphere for the bre’s life – from when it is used by the grass during growth, to when it is converted into wool on the sheep, through the wool product’s use phase – until it is disposed of and biodegrades. For many wool garments, this period is greatly extended because wool is used or recycled in a variety of textiles.
There are a lot more opportunities with wool especially with technical deisgn, tracebility and circularity.
Which are some of the key innovations and designs with wool?
Definitely some of the key innovations in wool to empashize are: wind and water-resistant wool fabric, wool faux fur, seamless knitwear, wool velvet, digital printing, wool footwear, wool wadding to name a few of the most important ones. One in particular that we find spectacular is wool in footwear.
In conclusion wool is a sustainable solution, it is breathable, it is good for the skin, it is renewable and biodegradable and it is odour resistant.
The Fashion Industry:
There is a major environmental problem in the fashion industry right now. Decades of complacency and ignorance over the manufacture of high volumes of garments has led to a mountain of waste and ongoing pollution.
A trend for fast fashion and a lack of sustainability in the fashion industry became the norm. We now have ongoing issues with emissions, manufacture processes, sustainable growth, microparticles and more. But, there may be a solution in the form of wool.